11. It bears being said that the gabber subculture in the Netherlands, with its especially unique style of dance, is not always the specific referent of the term as it is used in Amsterdam. In this city, it has maintained its Yiddish meaning of ‘friend’. In the words of Amsterdam rap group Osdorp Posse, “een gabber is geen hakker maar je makker,” in their song “Origineel Amsterdams” (2000). This usage of the term further differentiates Amsterdam from Rotterdam (the centre of gabber activity) along the lines of cultural and linguistic Jewishness.